# Excel DSUM Function

The Excel DSUM function returns the sum of values from a set of records that match criteria. The values to sum are extracted from a given field in the database.

**database**- Database range including headers.**field**- Field name or index to count.**criteria**- Criteria range including headers.

The Excel DSUM function calculates a sum of values in a set of records that match criteria. The values to sum are extracted from a given field in the database, specified as an argument.

The **database** argument is a range of cells that includes field headers, **field** is the name or index of the field to query, and **criteria** is a range of cells with headers that match those in **database**.

Field can be specified with a name or index. Using the example above, you can get the sum of all "Blue" sales with these formulas:

### Criteria options

The criteria can include a variety of expressions, including some wildcards. The table below shows some examples:

Criteria | Behavior |
---|---|

Red | Match "red" or "RED" |

Re* | Begins with "re" |

10 | Equal to 10 |

>10 | Greater than 10 |

<> | Not blank |

<>100 | Not 100 |

>12/19/2017 | Greater than Dec 19, 2017 |

Note: support for wildcards is not as extensive as with other functions like COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, MATCH etc. For example, the pattern ??? will match strings with 3 exactly characters in more modern functions, but not in the database functions. If you are using wildcards, test carefully.

### Multi-row criteria

The criteria range for DSUM can include more than one row below the headers. When criteria includes more than one row, each row is joined with OR logic, and the expressions in a given criteria row are joined with AND logic.

Notes:

- DSUM supports wildcards in criteria
- Criteria can include more than one row (as explained above)
- The
**field**argument can be supplied as a name in double quotes ("") or as a number representing field index. - The
**database**and**criteria**ranges must include matching headers.

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