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Excel DSUM Function

Excel DSUM function
Summary 

The Excel DSUM function returns the sum of values from a set of records that match criteria. The values to sum are extracted from a given field in the database.

Purpose 
Get sum from matching records
Return value 
The calculated sum
Syntax 
=DSUM (database, field, criteria)
Arguments 
  • database - Database range including headers.
  • field - Field name or index to count.
  • criteria - Criteria range including headers.
Usage notes 

The Excel DSUM function calculates a sum of values in a set of records that match criteria. The values to sum are extracted from a given field in the database, specified as an argument.

The database argument is a range of cells that includes field headers, field is the name or index of the field to query, and criteria is a range of cells with headers that match those in database

Field can be specified with a name or index. Using the example above, you can get the sum of all "Blue" sales with these formulas:

=DSUM(B7:D13,"Sales",B4:D5) // field by name
=DSUM(B7:D13,3,B4:D5) // field by index

Criteria options

The criteria can include a variety of expressions, including some wildcards. The table below shows some examples:

Criteria Behavior
Red Match "red" or "RED"
Re* Begins with "re"
10 Equal to 10
>10 Greater than 10
<> Not blank
<>100 Not 100
>12/19/2017 Greater than Dec 19, 2017

Note: support for wildcards is not as extensive as with other functions like COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, MATCH etc. For example, the pattern ??? will match strings with 3 exactly characters in more modern functions, but not in the database functions. If you are using wildcards, test carefully.

Multi-row criteria

The criteria range for DSUM can include more than one row below the headers. When criteria includes more than one row, each row is joined with OR logic, and the expressions in a given criteria row are joined with AND logic.

Notes:

  • DSUM supports wildcards in criteria
  • Criteria can include more than one row (as explained above)
  • The field argument can be supplied as a name in double quotes ("") or as a number representing field index.
  • The database and criteria ranges must include matching headers.

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