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Excel DDB Function

Excel DDB function

The Excel DDB function returns the depreciation of an asset for a given period using the double-declining balance method or another method you specify by changing the factor argument.

Depreciation - double-declining
Return value 
Depreciation in given period
=DDB (cost, salvage, life, period, [factor])
  • cost - Initial cost of asset.
  • salvage - Asset value at the end of the depreciation.
  • life - Periods over which asset is depreciated.
  • period - Period to calculation depreciation for.
  • factor - [optional] Rate at which the balance declines. If omitted, defaults to 2.
Usage notes 

The DDB function calculates the depreciation of an asset in a given period using the double-declining balance method. The double-declining balance method computes depreciation at an accelerated rate – depreciation is highest in the first period and decreases in each successive period. To calculate depreciation, the DDB function uses the following formula:


where pd = total depreciation in all prior periods.

The factor argument is optional and defaults to 2, which specifies the double-declining balance method. You can change factor to another value to influence the rate of depreciation. This is why DDB is sometimes defined as "double-declining method" or "other method". In the example shown, the formula in D7 copied down, is:


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