## Summary

The Excel SIN function returns the sine of an angle given in radians. To supply an angle to SIN in degrees, multiply the angle by PI()/180 or use the RADIANS function to convert to radians.

## Purpose

Get the sine of an angle provided in radians.

Sine value

## Syntax

``=SIN(number)``
• number - The angle in radians for which you want the sine.

## How to use

The SIN function returns the sine of an angle provided in radians. In geometric terms, the sine of an angle returns the ratio of a right triangle's opposite side over its hypotenuse. For example, the sine of PI()/6 radians (30°) returns the ratio 0.5.

``````=SIN(PI()/6) // Returns 0.5
``````

### Using Degrees

To supply an angle to SIN in degrees, multiply the angle by PI()/180 or use the RADIANS function to convert to radians. For example, to get the SIN of 30 degrees, you can use either formula below:

``````=SIN(30*PI()/180)
``````

### Explanation The graph of sine, shown above, visualizes the output of the function for all angles from 0 to a full rotation. The function is periodic, so after a full rotation, the output of the function repeats. Geometrically, the function returns the y-component of the point corresponding to an angle on the unit circle. The function's output will always be in the range [-1, 1].

Graph courtesy of wumbo.net. Author ### Dave Bruns

Hi - I'm Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.