# Get cell content at given row and column

The Excel ADDRESS function returns the address for a cell based on a given row and column number. For example, the ADDRESS function with 1 for both row and column like this:

=ADDRESS(1,1)

returns "$A$1" as text.

The INDIRECT function returns a valid reference from a text string.

In the example shown, the ADDRESS function returns the value "$C$9" inside INDIRECT:

=INDIRECT("$C$9")

The INDIRECT then this text into a normal reference and returns the value in cell C9, which is "Peach".

*Note: INDIRECT is a volatile function and can cause performance problems in more complicated worksheets.*

### With INDEX

By feeding the INDEX function an array that begins at A1, and includes cells to reference, you can get the same result with a formula that may be easier to understand. For example, the formula below will return the same result as seen in the screenshot.

=INDEX(A1:E100,G4,G5)

The size of the array is arbitrary, but it must to start at A1 and include the data you wish to reference.

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