The Excel PRICE function returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest. For example, the PRICE function can be used to determine the "clean price" of a bond (also known as the quoted price), which is the price of the bond excluding accrued interest.
with these inputs, the PRICE function returns 97.56, which indicates the value of the bond is 97.56% of the face value. To get the actual dollar value, the formula in F6 is:
In Excel, dates are serial numbers. Generally, the best way to enter valid dates is to use cell references, as shown in the example. If you want to enter valid dates directly inside a function, the DATE function is the best approach.
The basis argument controls how days are counted. The PRICE function allows 5 options (0-4) and defaults to zero, which specifies US 30/360 basis. This article on wikipedia provides a detailed explanation of available conventions.
In the example shown, we have a 3-year bond with a face value of $1,000. The coupon rate is 7% so the bond will pay 7% of the $1,000 face value in interest every year, or $70. However, because interest is paid...