Quick, clean, and to the point



The Excel NETWORKDAYS.INTL function calculates the number of working days between two dates. NETWORKDAYS.INTL excludes Saturday and Sunday by default, but provides a way to specify which days of the week are considered weekends.  The function can optionally exclude a list of holidays supplied as dates. 

Get work days between two dates
Return value 
A number representing days.
=NETWORKDAYS.INTL (start_date, end_date, [weekend], [holidays])
  • start_date - The start date.
  • end_date - The end date.
  • weekend - [optional] Setting for which days of the week should be considered weekends.
  • holidays - [optional] A reference to dates that should be considered non-work days.
Usage notes 

NETWORKDAYS.INTL calculates work days between two dates. Work days exclude weekends (Saturday and Sunday by default) and can optionally exclude holidays. This function is more robust that the NETWORKDAYS function, because it allows you to control which days of the week are considered weekends. The weekend argument is set using the codes listed in the table below.

NETWORKDAYS.INTL includes both the start date and end date when calculating work days. This means if you give NETWORKDAYS.INTL the same date for start date and end date, and the date is not a weekend or holiday, it will return 1.

NETWORKDAYS.INTL can also optionally take into account holidays. For the holidays argument, supply a range that contains holiday dates. These are also treated as non-working days and will not be included in the result.

In the example shown, the following formulas are used:

Weekend number Weekend days
1 (default) Saturday, Sunday
2 Sunday, Monday
3 Monday, Tuesday
4 Tuesday, Wednesday
5 Wednesday, Thursday
6 Thursday, Friday
7 Friday, Saturday
11 Sunday only
12 Monday only
13 Tuesday only
14 Wednesday only
15 Thursday only
16 Friday only
17 Saturday only

Mask for workdays

The WORKDAY.INTL can also accept a "mask" to specify weekends for the weekend argument. The mask is provided as a string of 7 characters which must be either 1 or zero. In this scheme, the number 1 means weekend and the number zero means workday. The first digit represents Sunday. For example, to count workdays in a week where only Monday, Wednesday, and Friday are workdays, the first option below:

NETWORKDAYS.INTL(start,end,"1010101") // workdays = M,W,F
NETWORKDAYS.INTL(start,end,"1101011") // workdays = Tue, Thu
NETWORKDAYS.INTL(start,end,"1111100") // workdays = Fri,Sat


  • If start_date is greater than end_date, the the function returns a negative value.
  • NETWORKDAYS.INTL includes both the start date and end date when calculating work days. This means if you give NETWORKDAYS.INTL the same date for start date and end date, it will return 1.

  • If start_date or end_date are out of range, NETWORKDAYS.INTL returns the #NUM! error.
  • If weekend is invalid, NETWORKDAYS.INTL returns the #VALUE! error.

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