# Excel CONVERT Function

The Excel CONVERT function converts a number in one measurement system to another. For example, you can use CONVERT to convert feet into meters, pounds into kilograms, Fahrenheit to Celsius, gallons into liters, and for many other unit conversions.

*number*- The numeric value to convert.*from_unit*- The starting units for number.*to_unit*- The ending units for the result.

The CONVERT function converts a number in one measurement system to another. For example, you can use CONVERT to convert feet into meters, pounds into kilograms, gallons into liters, and for many other unit conversions.

### Examples

The formulas below use the CONVERT function to convert yards to meters, Celsius to Fahrenheit, gallons to liters, and square meters to square yards:

### Measurement units

The tables below show the units available to the CONVERT function in each category. In all cases, Unit can be used for either from_unit or to_unit in the same category. *Note: the CONVERT function is case-sensitive.*

Weight, Distance, Time, Pressure, Force, Energy, Power, Magnetism, Temperature, Liquid, Volume, Area, Information, Metric prefixes, Binary prefixes

Weight and mass | Unit |
---|---|

Gram | "g" |

Slug | "sg" |

Pound mass (avoirdupois) | "lbm" |

U (atomic mass unit) | "u" |

Ounce mass (avoirdupois) | "ozm" |

Grain | "grain" |

U.S. (short) hundredweight | "cwt" or "shweight" |

Imperial hundredweight | "uk_cwt" or "lcwt" ("hweight") |

Stone | "stone" |

Ton | "ton" |

Imperial ton | "uk_ton" or "LTON" ("brton") |

Distance | Unit |
---|---|

Meter | "m" |

Statute mile | "mi" |

Nautical mile | "Nmi" |

Inch | "in" |

Foot | "ft" |

Yard | "yd" |

Angstrom | "ang" |

Ell | "ell" |

Light-year | "ly" |

Parsec | "parsec" or "pc" |

Pica (1/72 inch) | "Picapt" or "Pica" |

Pica (1/6 inch) | "pica" |

U.S survey mile (statute mile) | "survey_mi" |

Time | Unit |
---|---|

Year | "yr" |

Day | "day" or "d" |

Hour | "hr" |

Minute | "mn" or "min" |

Second | "sec" or "s" |

Pressure | Unit |
---|---|

Pascal | "Pa" (or "p") |

Atmosphere | "atm" (or "at") |

mm of Mercury | "mmHg" |

PSI | "psi" |

Torr | "Torr" |

Force | Unit |
---|---|

Newton | "N" |

Dyne | "dyn" (or "dy") |

Pound force | "lbf" |

Pond | "pond" |

Energy | Unit |
---|---|

Joule | "J" |

Erg | "e" |

Thermodynamic calorie | "c" |

IT calorie | "cal" |

Electron volt | "eV" (or "ev") |

Horsepower-hour | "HPh" (or "hh") |

Watt-hour | "Wh" (or "wh") |

Foot-pound | "flb" |

BTU | "BTU" (or "btu") |

Power | Unit |
---|---|

Horsepower | "HP" (or "h") |

Pferdestärke | "PS" |

Watt | "W" (or "w") |

Magnetism | Unit |
---|---|

Tesla | "T" |

Gauss | "ga" |

Temperature | Unit |
---|---|

Degree Celsius | "C" (or "cel") |

Degree Fahrenheit | "F" (or "fah") |

Kelvin | "K" (or "kel") |

Degrees Rankine | "Rank" |

Degrees Réaumur | "Reau" |

Liquid measure | Unit |
---|---|

Teaspoon | "tsp" |

Modern teaspoon | "tspm" |

Tablespoon | "tbs" |

Fluid ounce | "oz" |

Cup | "cup" |

U.S. pint | "pt" (or "us_pt") |

U.K. pint | "uk_pt" |

Quart | "qt" |

Imperial quart (U.K.) | "uk_qt" |

Gallon | "gal" |

Imperial gallon (U.K.) | "uk_gal" |

Liter | "l" or "L" ("lt") |

Volume | Unit |
---|---|

Cubic angstrom | "ang3" or "ang^3" |

U.S. oil barrel | "barrel" |

U.S. bushel | "bushel" |

Cubic feet | "ft3" or "ft^3" |

Cubic inch | "in3" or "in^3" |

Cubic light-year | "ly3" or "ly^3" |

Cubic meter | "m3" or "m^3" |

Cubic Mile | "mi3" or "mi^3" |

Cubic yard | "yd3" or "yd^3" |

Cubic nautical mile | "Nmi3" or "Nmi^3" |

Cubic Pica | "Picapt3", "Picapt^3", "Pica3" or "Pica^3" |

Gross Registered Ton | "GRT" ("regton") |

Measurement ton (freight ton) | "MTON" |

Area | Unit | |
---|---|---|

International acre | "uk_acre" | |

U.S. survey/statute acre | "us_acre" | |

Square angstrom | "ang2" or “ang^2" | |

Are | "ar" | |

Square feet | "ft2" or "ft^2" | |

Hectare | "ha" | |

Square inches | "in2" or "in^2" | |

Square light-year | "ly2" or "ly^2" | |

Square meters | "m2" or "m^2" | |

Morgen | "Morgen" | |

Square miles | "mi2" or "mi^2" | |

Square nautical miles | "Nmi2" or "Nmi^2" | |

Square Pica | "Picapt2", "Pica2", "Pica^2" or "Picapt^2" | |

Square yards | "yd2" or "yd^2" |

Information | Unit |
---|---|

Bit | "bit" |

Byte | "byte" |

**Metric prefixes**

The prefixes shown in the table below can be used with __metric__ units by prepending the abbreviation to the unit.

Prefix | Multiplier | Abbreviation |
---|---|---|

yotta | 1E+24 | "Y" |

zetta | 1E+21 | "Z" |

exa | 1E+18 | "E" |

peta | 1E+15 | "P" |

tera | 1E+12 | "T" |

giga | 1000000000 | "G" |

mega | 1000000 | "M" |

kilo | 1000 | "k" |

hecto | 100 | "h" |

dekao | 10 | "da" or "e" |

deci | 0.1 | "d" |

centi | 0.01 | "c" |

milli | 0.001 | "m" |

micro | 0.000001 | "u" |

nano | 0.000000001 | "n" |

pico | 1E-12 | "p" |

femto | 1E-15 | "f" |

atto | 1E-18 | "a" |

zepto | 1E-21 | "z" |

yocto | 1E-24 | "y" |

**Binary prefixes**

The binary unit prefixes below can be used with "bits" and "bytes".

Binary Prefix | Value | Abbreviation | Decimal |
---|---|---|---|

yobi | 2^80 | "Yi" | yotta |

zebi | 2^70 | "Zi" | zetta |

exbi | 2^60 | "Ei" | exa |

pebi | 2^50 | "Pi" | peta |

tebi | 2^40 | "Ti" | tera |

gibi | 2^30 | "Gi" | giga |

mebi | 2^20 | "Mi" | mega |

kibi | 2^10 | "ki" | kilo |

### Notes

- The CONVERT function is case-sensitive.
- CONVERT will return the #N/A error when a unit string is not recognized.
- CONVERT will return the #N/A error when units are not compatible.
- CONVERT will return the #VALUE! error when a number is not valid.
- A number of measurement units were added to CONVERT in Excel 2013.

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