# Excel 2003

The functions below are available Excel 2003 and later versions, including Excel 365.

The Excel FVSCHEDULE function returns the future value of a single sum based on a schedule of given interest rates. FVSCHEDULE can be used to find the future value of an investment with a variable or adjustable rate.

The Excel GCD function returns the greatest common divisor of two or more integers. The greatest common divisor is the largest integer that goes into all supplied numbers without a remainder. For example, =GCD(60,36) returns 12.

The Excel GEOMEAN function returns the geometric mean for a set of numeric values. Geometric mean can be used to calculate average rate of return with variable rates.

The Excel GETPIVOTDATA function can retrieve specific data from a pivot table by name based on the structure, instead of cell references.

The Excel HARMEAN function returns the harmonic mean for a set of numeric values. The harmonic mean is the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of reciprocals. Harmonic mean can be used to calculate a mean that reduces the impact of large outliers...

The Excel HLOOKUP function finds and retrieve a value from data in a horizontal table. The "H" in HLOOKUP stands for "horizontal", and lookup values must appear in the first row of the table, moving horizontally to the right. HLOOKUP supports...

The Excel HOUR function returns the hour component of a time as a number between 0-23. For example, with a time of 9:30 AM, HOUR will return 9. You can use the HOUR function to extract the hour into a cell, or feed the result into another formula...

The Excel HYPERLINK function returns a hyperlink from a given destination and link text. You can use HYPERLINK to create a clickable hyperlink with a formula. The HYPERLINK function can build links to workbook locations, pages on the internet, or...

The Excel IF function runs a logical test and returns one value for a TRUE result, and another for a FALSE result. For example, to "pass" scores above 70: =IF(A1>70,"Pass","Fail"). More than one condition can be tested by nesting IF functions....

The Excel IMABS function returns the absolute value of a complex number in the form x + yi or x + yj. Use the COMPLEX function to create a complex number from real and imaginary parts.

The Excel IMPOWER function returns a complex number raised to a given power. The complex number must be in the form x + yi or x + yj. Use the COMPLEX function to create a complex number from...

The Excel IMPRODUCT function returns the product of one or more complex numbers. The complex number must be in the form x + yi or x + yj. Use the COMPLEX function to create a complex number...

The Excel IMSUB function returns the difference between two complex numbers. Complex numbers must be in the form x + yi or x + yj. Use the COMPLEX function to create complex numbers

The Excel IMSUM function returns the sum of two or more complex numbers. The complex numbers must be in the form x + yi or x + yj. Use the COMPLEX function to create a complex number from real...

The Excel INDEX function returns the value at a given location in a range or array. You can use INDEX to retrieve individual values, or entire rows and columns. The MATCH function is often used together with INDEX to provide row and column...

The Excel INDIRECT function returns a valid cell reference from a given text string. INDIRECT is useful when you want to assemble a text value that can be used as a valid reference.

The Excel INFO function returns information about the current environment, including platform, Excel version, number of worksheets in a workbook, and so on. To use the INFO function, supply the type of information you want as text. There are...

The Excel INT function returns the integer part of a decimal number by rounding down to the integer. Note that negative numbers become *more negative*. For example, while INT(10.8) returns 10, INT(-10.8) returns -11.

The Excel INTERCEPT function returns the point at which a regression line will intersect the y-axis based on known x and y values.

The Excel IPMT function can be used to calculate the interest portion of a given loan payment in a given payment period. For example, you can use IPMT to get the interest amount of a payment for the first period, the last period, or any period in...

The Excel IRR function is a financial function that returns the internal rate of return (IRR) for a series of cash flows that occur at regular intervals.

The Excel ISBLANK function returns TRUE when a cell is empty, and FALSE when a cell is not empty. For example, if A1 contains "apple", ISBLANK(A1) returns FALSE.

The Excel ISERR function returns TRUE for any error type except the #N/A error. You can use the ISERR function together with the IF function to test for an error and display a custom message, or perform a different calculation if found.