# Excel 2003

The functions below are available Excel 2003 and later versions, including Excel 365.

The Excel ABS function returns the absolute value of a number. Negative numbers are converted to positive numbers, and positive numbers are unaffected.

The ACOS function returns the inverse cosine of a number. The function is the inverse of COS and expects input in the range from -1 to 1.

The Excel ADDRESS function returns the address for a cell based on a given row and column number. For example, =ADDRESS(1,1) returns $A$1. ADDRESS can return an address in relative, mixed, or absolute format, and can be used to construct a cell...

The Excel AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. AND returns either TRUE or FALSE. To test if a number in A1 is greater than zero and less than 10, use =AND(A1>0,A1...

The Excel AREAS function returns the number of areas in a given reference. For example, =AREAS((A1:C1,A2:C2)) returns 2. Multiple references must be enclosed in an extra set of parentheses.

The Excel ATAN function returns the inverse tangent of a number. The function is the inverse of TAN.

The Excel AVEDEV function returns the average of the absolute value of deviations from the mean for a given set of data. Average deviation is a measure of variability.

The Excel AVERAGE function calculates the average (arithmetic mean) of supplied numbers. AVERAGE can handle up to 255 individual arguments, which can include numbers, cell references, ranges, arrays, and constants.

The Excel AVERAGEA function returns the average of a group of supplied values. Unlike AVERAGE, AVERAGEA will also evaluate the logical values TRUE and FALSE, and numbers represented as text, whereas AVERAGE just skips these values during...

The Excel BINOMDIST function returns the individual term binomial distribution probability. You can use BINOMDIST to calculate probabilities that an event will occur a certain number of times in a given number of trials.

The Excel CEILING function rounds a given number *up* to the nearest specified multiple. CEILING works like the MROUND function, but CEILING *always rounds up*.

The Excel CELL function returns information about a cell in a worksheet. The type of information to be returned is specified as info_type. CELL can get things like address and filename, as well as detailed info about the formatting used in the...

The Excel CHAR function returns a character when given a valid character code. CHAR can be used to specify characters that are hard to enter in a formula. For example, CHAR(10) returns a line break, and can be used to add a line break to text in...

The Excel CHOOSE function returns a value from a list using a given position or index. For example, =CHOOSE(2,"red","blue","green") returns "blue", since blue is the 2nd value listed after the index number. The values provided to CHOOSE can...

The Excel CLEAN function takes a text string and returns text that has been "cleaned" of line breaks and other non-printable characters.

The Excel CODE function returns a numeric code for a given character. For example, CODE("a") returns the code 97.

The Excel COLUMN function returns the column number for a reference. For example, COLUMN(C5) returns 3, since C is the third column in the spreadsheet. When no reference is provided, COLUMN returns the column number of the cell which contains the...

The Excel COLUMNS function returns the count of columns in a given reference. For example, COLUMNS(A1:C3) returns 3, since the range A1:C3 contains 3 columns.

The Excel COMBIN function returns the number of combinations for a given number of items. The COMBIN function *does not* allow repetitions. To count combinations that *allow* repetitions, use the...

The Excel COMPLEX function creates a complex number with given real and imaginary coefficients. COMPLEX returns a text result in the form x + yi or x + yj.

The Excel CONCATENATE function concatenates (joins) join up to 30 values together and returns the result as text. In Excel 2019 and later, the CONCAT and...