Exceljet

Quick, clean, and to the point

Excel DPRODUCT Function

Excel DPRODUCT function
Summary 

The Excel DPRODUCT function returns the product of values from a set of records that match criteria. The values to multiply are extracted from a given field in the database, specified as an argument.

Purpose 
Get product from matching records
Return value 
The calculated product
Syntax 
=DPRODUCT (database, field, criteria)
Arguments 
  • database - Database range including headers.
  • field - Field name or index to count.
  • criteria - Criteria range including headers.
Usage notes 

The Excel DPRODUCT function calculates the product of values in a set of records that match criteria. The values to multiply are extracted from a given field in the database, specified as an argument.

The database argument is a range of cells that includes field headers, field is the name or index of the field to query, and criteria is a range of cells with headers that match those in database

Field can be specified with a name or index. Using the example above, you can get the product of "Echo" dimensions with either formula below:

=DPRODUCT(B7:D13,"Value",B4:D5) // field by name
=DPRODUCT(B7:D13,3,B4:D5)) // field by index

Criteria options

The criteria can include a variety of expressions, including some wildcards. The table below shows some examples:

Criteria Behavior
Red Match "red" or "RED"
Re* Begins with "re"
10 Equal to 10
>10 Greater than 10
<> Not blank
<>100 Not 100
>12/19/2017 Greater than Dec 19, 2017

Note: support for wildcards is not as extensive as with other functions like COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, MATCH etc. For example, the pattern ??? will match strings with 3 exactly characters in more modern functions, but not in the database functions. If you are using wildcards, test carefully.

Multi-row criteria

The criteria range for DPRODUCT can include more than one row below the headers. When criteria includes more than one row, each row is joined with OR logic, and the expressions in a given criteria row are joined with AND logic.

Notes:

  • DPRODUCT supports wildcards in criteria
  • Criteria can include more than one row (as explained above)
  • The field argument can be supplied as a name in double quotes ("") or as a number representing field index.
  • The database and criteria ranges must include matching headers.

Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.